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Przhevalsky died of typhus not long before the beginning of his fifth journey, at Karakol on the shore of Issyk-Kul in present day Kyrgyzstan. He contracted typhoid from the Chu River that was acknowledged as being infected with the disease [8] [9] The Tsar immediately changed the name of the town to Przhevalsk. There are monuments to him, and a museum about his life and work, there and another monument in St. Less than a year after his premature death, Mikhail Pevtsov succeeded Przhevalsky at the head of his expedition into the depths of Central Asia.


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Przhevalsky's work was also continued by his young disciple Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov. There is another place named after Przhevalsky: he had lived in a small village called Sloboda, Smolensk Oblast, Russia from to except the period of his travels and he apparently really loved the place. The village was renamed after him in , and now it is called Przhevalskoye. There is a memorial complex there that includes the old and new houses of Nikolai Przhevalsky, his bust, pond, garden, birch alleys, and khatka a lodge, watch-house. This is the only museum of the famous traveler in Russia. Przhevalsky is commemorated by the plant genus Przewalskia Solanaceae Maxim.

His name is eponymic with more than 80 plant species as well.

The Dream Of Lhasa: The Life Of Nikolay Przhevalsky (1839 88) Explorer Of Central Asia

Przhevalsky explicitly portrayed Chinese people as cowardly, dirty and lazy in his metaphor, "the blend of a mean Moscow pilferer and a kike" Europeans must use these to come and bear away in the name of civilisation all these dregs of the human race. A thousand of our soldiers would be enough to subdue all Asia from Lake Baykal to the Himalayas Here the exploits of Cortez can still be repeated. Przhevalsky's racist intolerance extended to non-Chinese Asians as well, describing the Tajik Yaqub Beg in a letter as follows, "Yakub Beg is the same shit as all feckless Asiatics.

The Kashgarian empire isn't worth a kopek. The savage Asiatic clearly understands Russian power is the guarantee for prosperity. Przhevalsky's dreams of taking land from China did not materialize. Przhevalsky not only disdained Chinese ethnic groups, he also viewed the 8 million non-Chinese peoples of Tibet, Turkestan, and Mongolia as uncivilized, evolutionarily backwards people who needed to be freed from Chinese rule. Przhevalsky was also reportedly a butcher, killing many ethnic Tibetan nomads.

He proposed Russia provoke rebellions of the Buddhist and Muslim peoples in these areas of China against the Confucianist Chinese regime, start a war with China, and, with a small number of Russian troops, wrest control of Turkestan from China.

Przhevalsky is known to have had a personal relationship with Tasya Nuromskaya, whom he met in Smolensk. According to one legend, during their last meeting Tasya cut off her braid and gave it to him, saying that the braid would travel with him until their marriage.

Unfortunately, Tasya died of a sunstroke while Przhevalsky was on an expedition. Another woman in Przhevalsky's life was a mysterious young lady whose portrait, along with a fragment of poetry, was found in Przhevalsky's album. In the poem, she asks him to stay with her and not to go to Tibet, to which he responded in his diary: "I will never betray the ideal, to which is dedicated all of my life.

As soon as I write everything necessary, I will return to the desert Some researchers have claimed that Przhevalsky was a homosexual, who "despised women", [21] [22] [23] [24] and that his young male assistants that accompanied him on each of his journeys including Nikolay Yagunov, aged 16, Mikhail Pyltsov, Fyodor Eklon, 18, and Yevgraf , could have been his lovers [25] [26] [27] [28]. There is an urban legend that Joseph Stalin was an illegitimate son of Nikolai Przhevalski.

The dream of Lhasa: The life of Nikolay Przhevalsky (1839-88) explorer of Central Asia

However, Przhevalsky's visits to Georgia are not recorded. Sign In Don't have an account? For the inhabited localities in Russia, see Przhevalsky inhabited locality. Contents [ show ]. The Timetables of Science. Retrieved April 27, Shaffer Comparative Criticism: Volume 16, Revolutions and Censorship.

Cambridge University Press. His intention was to explore the basin of the Ussuri River , a major tributary of the Amur on the Russian—Chinese frontier. This was his first important expedition.

Dream of Lhasa: Life of Nikolay Przevalsky (1839-88), Explorer of Central Asia

It lasted two years, after which Przhevalsky published a diary of the expedition under the title, Travels in the Ussuri Region, — In the following years he made four journeys to Central Asia :. During his expedition, the Dungan Revolt —77 was raging in China. The Russian newspaper Golos Prikazchika called the journey "one of the most daring of our time". The results of these expanded journeys opened a new era for the study of Central Asian geography as well as studies of the fauna and flora of this immense region that were relatively unknown to his Western contemporaries.

Among other things, he described Przewalski's horse and Przewalski's gazelle , which were both named after him. He also described what was then considered to be a wild population of Bactrian camel.

Nikolay Przhevalsky and Russian Expansion: The Exploration of Central and East Asia

In the 21st century, the Wild Bactrian camel was shown to be a separate species from the domestic Bactrian camel. Przhevalsky died of typhus not long before the beginning of his fifth journey, at Karakol on the shore of Issyk Kul in present-day Kyrgyzstan. He contracted typhoid from the Chu River , which was acknowledged as being infected with the disease.


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There are monuments to him, and a museum about his life and work, there and another monument in St. Less than a year after his premature death, Mikhail Pevtsov succeeded Przhevalsky at the head of his expedition into the depths of Central Asia. Przhevalsky's work was also continued by his young disciple Pyotr Kozlov.

The Dream of Lhasa by Donald Rayfield, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®

There is another place named after Przhevalsky: he had lived in a small village called Sloboda, Smolensk Oblast , Russia from except the period of his travels and he apparently loved it. The village was renamed after him in and is now called Przhevalskoye.

There is a memorial complex there that includes the old and new houses of Nikolay Przhevalsky, his bust, pond, garden, birch alleys, and khatka a lodge, watch-house. This is the only museum of the famous traveler in Russia. Przhevalsky is commemorated by the plant genus Przewalskia Solanaceae Maxim.

His name is eponymic with more than 80 plant species as well.


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  4. Przhevalsky is honored in the scientific names of five species of lizards: Alsophylax przewalskii , Eremias przewalskii , Phrynocephalus przewalskii , Scincella przewalskii , and Teratoscincus przewalskii. Przhevalsky explicitly portrayed Chinese people as cowardly, dirty and lazy in his metaphor, "the blend of a mean Moscow pilferer and a kike ", in all respects inferior to Western culture. Przhevalsky, as well as other contemporary explorers including Sven Hedin , Francis Younghusband , and Aurel Stein , were active players in the British—Russian struggle for influence in Central Asia, the so-called Great Game.

    Here you can penetrate anywhere, only not with the Gospels under your arm, but with money in your pocket, a carbine in one hand and a whip in the other. Europeans must use these to come and bear away in the name of civilisation all these dregs of the human race. A thousand of our soldiers would be enough to subdue all Asia from Lake Baykal to the Himalayas Here the exploits of Cortez can still be repeated.

    Przhevalsky's prejudice extended to non-Chinese Asians as well, describing the Tajik Yaqub Beg in a letter as follows, "Yakub Beg is the same shit as all feckless Asiatics. The Kashgarian empire isn't worth a kopek. Przhevalsky's dreams of taking land from China did not materialize. Przhevalsky not only disdained Chinese ethnic groups, he also viewed the eight million non-Chinese peoples of Tibet, Turkestan, and Mongolia as uncivilized, evolutionarily backwards people who needed to be freed from Chinese rule.

    Przhevalsky reportedly killed a number of Tibetan nomads.

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    Przhevalsky proposed Russia provoke rebellions of the Buddhist and Muslim peoples in these areas of China against the Chinese regime, start a war with China, and, with a small number of Russian troops, wrest control of Turkestan from China. Przhevalsky is known to have had a personal relationship with Tasya Nuromskaya, whom he met in Smolensk. According to one legend, during their last meeting Nuromskaya cut off her braid and gave it to him, saying that the braid would travel with him until their marriage.

    She died of a sunstroke while Przhevalsky was on an expedition. Another woman in Przhevalsky's life was a mysterious young lady whose portrait, along with a fragment of poetry, was found in Przhevalsky's album. In the poem, she asks him to stay with her and not to go to Tibet, to which he responded in his diary: "I will never betray the ideal, to which is dedicated all of my life. As soon as I write everything necessary, I will return to the desert